The managers of the Coffee Federation

The general managers or directors of the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia do not just function as business managers or administrators, given the fact that in furtherance of their normal business activities in running efficiently and effectively a private enterprise, they actively participate in the formulation and implementation of national policy for the coffee industry and they may substantially influence the macro-economic policy of the country. The general Managers have had a seat in the Board of Directors of the Banco de la Republica, in the Council of Economic and Social Policy (Consejo de Politica Economica y Social) and in the Council of International Trade and Commerce. Furthermore, they direct and preside the diplomatic missions that represent the nation in international conferences and forums, which may influence foreign policy as well.[18] Three of the most influential "Gerentes" (general managers) of the 20th century have been Mariano Ospina Perez, Manuel Mejia Jaramillo and Arturo Gomez Jaramillo. Ospina Perez (1930Ц1934), consolidated the organizational structure of the raising institution, promoted the creation of the national network of "almacenes generals de deposito" and established the "Caja Agraria" (a credit and financial institution to aid the small farmers and coffee growers). Mejia Jaramillo (1937Ц1958), gave to the national coffee industry the international prestige that it now enjoys, was instrumental in the creation of the "Flota Mercante Grancolombiana" (the nation's ocean freighter company), the creation of the "Banco Cafetero", and the "Compania Agricola de Seguros". Arturo Gomez (1958Ц1982), was the leader of the international economic policy in the global markets and the "Convenios Internacionales del Cafe" (International Coffee Agreement).[18] Arturo Gomez, during his 18 years tenu

e as "Gerente de la Federacion", had a wonderful collaborator as second in command, Jorge Cardenas Gutierrez, as deputy General Manager. Cardenas Gutierrez was a lawyer with a Masters degree in administration. Prior to working for the Federation he had been vice-president of Ecopetrol. Cardenas Gutierrez was appointed as "Gerente de la Federacion" in 1983, and managed extreme situations form "crisis" to "bonanza". By 2001, he was considered as the most experienced coffee leader in the world". Luis Mariano Ospina Perez (November 24, 1891- April 14, 1976) was a Colombian engineer and political figure, member of the Colombian Conservative Party. He served as President of Colombia between 1946 and 1950. Ospina was born in Medellin, Antioquia on November 24, 1891.[1] He died in Bogota, Cundinamarca, on April 14, 1976, at the age of 84. Ospina was son of Tulio Ospina Vasquez and Ana Rosa Perez, who were members of the traditional Colombian political families. He was the grandson of former president of Colombia Mariano Ospina Rodriguez and nephew of president Pedro Nel Ospina.[1] [edit]Early years Ospina studied in the Colegio San Ignacio in Medellin, Antioquia the city were he grew up and also studied engineering in the Escuela de Minas de Antioquia (Mining School of Antioquia) where he graduated as mining engineer.[2] After graduating Ospina travelled for two years in which he toured and studied in Louisiana, London and Paris.[1] He took some courses on gold mining, sugar cane production, economy, labor relations, cooperativism, civil engineering and railways systems. Ospina, who studied engineering at the Escuela de Minas de Medellin and Louisiana State University, served as the executive administrator of the National Federation of Coffee Growers and was a prominent businessman in other sectors before becoming president in 1946.